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Health Disparities for Race and Ethnicity

Health Disparities for Race and Ethnicity

On May 7, 2020, The Center for American Progress put out an article Health Disparities by Race and Ethnicity in the United States.  The link to the full article follows this section of the article referring to Black Americans.  The content has been not been altered.


African Americans or Black Americans

An African American or Black person is any individual with total or partial ancestry from any of the Black racial groups of Africa.

Health coverage

  • In 2017, 10.6 percent of African Americans were uninsured compared with 5.9 percent of non-Hispanic whites.1
  • 89.4 percent of African Americans had health care coverage in 2017 compared with 93.7 percent of white Americans.2
    • 44.1 percent of African Americans had government health insurance coverage in 2017.3
  • 12.1 percent of Africans Americans under the age of 65 reported having no health insurance coverage.4

 

Chronic health conditions

  • 13.8 percent of African Americans reported having fair or poor health compared with 8.3 percent of non-Hispanic whites.5
  • Eighty percent of African American women are overweight or obese compared to 64.8 percent of non-Hispanic white women.6
  • In 2017, 12.6 percent of African American children had asthma compared with 7.7 percent of non-Hispanic white children. Forty-two percent of African American adults over age 20 suffer from hypertension compared with 28.7 percent of non-Hispanic white adults.7 

Mental health

  • In 2018, 8.7 percent of African American adults received mental health services compared with 18.6 percent of non-Hispanic white adults.8
  • 6.2 percent of African American adults received prescription medication for mental health services compared with 15.3 percent of non-Hispanic white adults.9
  • In 2018, 3.8 percent of African American adults reported serious psychological distress.10

Leading causes of death

  • The leading causes of death among African Americans are heart disease, cancer, and accidents.11
  • African Americans have the highest mortality rate for all cancers combined compared with any other racial and ethnic group.12
  • There are 11 infant deaths per 1,000 live births among Black Americans. This is almost twice the national average of 5.8 infant deaths per 1,000 live births.13
  • 11.4 per 100,000 African American men and 2.8 per 100,000 of African American women die by suicide.14

https://www.americanprogress.org/issues/race/reports/2020/05/07/484742/health-disparities-race-ethnicity/